The indigenous people of Australia - the Europeans tell us - have been there for over sixty thousand years, but they know  they have been there since the beginning of time. They are the oldest living culture on earth, and have the world's oldest known musical instrument that we call the YIDAKI or what Europeans call the DIDGERIDOO. This instrument is a branch from a tree in which white ants (or termites) eat their way up through the center towards the sunlight keeping the outer shell solid for protection. When this branch eventually dies and falls to the ground, the aboriginal people cut the ends off and this then becomes the DIDGERIDOO. 
The Yidaki is the traditional wind instrument of the Australian Aboriginal People (more properly called "People of the Wave") who were the first inhabitants of Australia. It is also played and called by other names in other countries such as Indonesia, New Zealand and Haiti. It may be described as the first horn and is being used increasingly by non-Aboriginal musicians and healers worldwide. 
The didgeridoo plays an important role in the creation mythology of Australia's original inhabitants, where the sound of this wind instrument is said to have been used to create the world and everything in it. The deep vibrating sounds of this hollow pipe evokes a feeling of the power of the earth. Its unique primordial sound, in tune with the earth and the human body, heals all within its vast vibrations thru the opening of the chakras. Its sound takes one into an altered state known as the "dreamtime", thus nicknamed "dream pipe". 
This story of the didgeridoo comes from the dreaming of the people of the Northern Territory and they say that YIDAKI the warrior was coming home from a hunt with kangaroo over his shoulder when he saw a dead branch lying on the ground. He picked it up and there was daylight coming in the other end and noticed there were a lot of little insects (which you call termites) in there. He blew through it to get rid of them and it made a sound something like this .... oooohmm. 
The warrior liked the sound that it made. He found that by breathing through his nose and out through his mouth in a circular fashion he could make rhythm and many other sounds.  
The warrior took his hollow branch back with him and played it for his people. They were drawn to the sound and they painted up with coloured ochre and danced Corroboree to its rhythm.  During his lifetime the warrior taught many other young men the circular breathing method and this simple instrument became very popular and part of their culture. It was used in ceremony, dance and forms of healing.  
When the warrior died, his spirit left his body and went into the hollow log that you call theDIDGERIDOO. If you listen in a quiet place somewhere by holding one end to your ear, you can still hear YIDAKI playing in this instrument.  The aboriginal people of the Northern Territory believe that because there is a man's spirit in there, it is a man's instrument, and women should not play it. This then, is the story of what aboriginal people call the YIDAKI and you know as theDIDGERIDOO. 

               Photo Credit:Osunyoyin Alake